Vinyl chloride monomer - Health-based calculated occupational cancer risk values

Occupational exposure to vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) can cause liver cancer. This is a risk to plastic industry workers who may be exposed to this substance. This is written in an advisory report of the Health Council of the Netherlands, which today is presented  to the Minister of Social Affairs and Employment.


  • Prof. R.A. Woutersen, Professor of Translational Toxicology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, chairman
  • Prof. P.J. Boogaard, Professor of Environmental Health and Human Biomonitoring, Wageningen University and Research Centre, and Toxicologist, Shell International BV, The Hague
  • Prof. D.J.J. Heederik, Professor of Risk Assessment in Occupational Epidemiology, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht
  • R. Houba, Occupational Hygienist, The Netherlands Expertise Centre for Occupational Respiratory Disorders, Utrecht
  • Prof. H. van Loveren, Professor of Immunotoxicology, Maastricht University, Maastricht
  • Prof. I.M.C.M. Rietjens, Professor of Toxicology, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen
  • G.B.G.J. van Rooy, MD PhD, Occupational medicine specialist, Arbo Unie Expert Centre for Chemical Risk Management and Radboudumc Outpatient Clinic for Occupational Clinical Toxicology, Nijmegen
  • Prof. F.G.M. Russel, Professor of Molecular Farmacology and Toxicology, Radboud University, Nijmegen
  • Prof. A.H. Piersma, Professor of Reproductive Toxicology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, and National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, structurally consulted expert
  • B.P.F.D. Hendrikx, Social and Economic Council, The Hague, observer
  • H. Stigter, Labour Inspectorate, Utrecht, observer
  • G.B. van der Voet, scientific secretary