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Rubber dusts and rubber fumes

Exposure in the manufacturing industry is considered to be carcinogenic. Since the composition of rubber dusts and rubber fumes is highly variable, it is not possible to derive a health-based recommended occupational exposure level. Therefore, occupational exposure cannot be tested. According to the permanent Dutch Expert Committee on Occupational Safety, more research is needed to ascertain which proxies provide the most relevant information on exposure. In addition, data are needed related to the current exposure in the rubber manufacturing industry. This exposure has changed considerably in the last decades, therefore research on exposure in the past is less relevant.